Terjemahan lirik lagu No Woman No Cry dari Bob Marley

No, woman, no cry
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis

‘Cause—’cause—’cause I remember when a we used to sit
Karena—karena—karena Saya ingat ketika kami duduk
In a government yard in Trenchtown,
Di sebuah halaman pemerintah in Trenchtown,
Ob—observing the hypocrites
Mengamati orang-orang munafik
Yeah!
Yeah!
Mingle with the good people we meet
Berbaurlah dengan orang-orang baik yang kita jumpai
Yeah!
Yeah!

Good friends we have. Oh.
Teman baik yang kita miliki. Oh
Good friends we have lost along the way. Yeah!
Teman baik yang telah hilang di sepanjang jalan
In this great future you can’t forget your past.
Di masa depan yang hebat ini Kamu tidak bisa melupakan masa lalumu.
So dry your tears, I say.
Jadi keringkanlah air matamu, Aku bilang
Yeah.
Yeah.

No, woman, no cry.
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry. Eh, yeah!
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis. Eh, yeah!
A little darlin’, don’t shed no tears.
Kekasih kecil, janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry. Eh!
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis. Eh!

Said—said—said I remember when we used to sit
Katakan—katakan—katakan Saya ingat ketika kami duduk
In the government yard in Trenchtown. Yeah.
Di sebuah halaman pemerintah in Trenchtown. Yeah.
And then Georgie would make the fire lights,
Dan selanjutnya Georgie akan menyalakan api,
I say, log wood burnin’ through the nights.
Kukatakan, kayu bakar terbakar sepanjang malam.
Yeah!
Yeah!

Then we would cook cornmeal porridge,
Lalu kita akan memasak bubur tepung jagung,
I say, of which I’ll share with you.
Saya katakan, yang akan saya bagikan dengan Anda.
Yeah!
Yeah!
My feet is my only carriage
Kakiku adalah kereta satu-satunya
And so I’ve got to push on through.
Jadi saya harus terus maju.

But while I’m gone,
Tetapi sewaktu Aku pergi
Everything’s gonna be all right!
Semua akan baik-baik saja!
Everything’s gonna be all right!
Semua akan baik-baik saja!
Everything’s gonna be all right, yeah!
Semua akan baik-baik saja, yeah!
Everything’s gonna be all right!
Semua akan baik-baik saja!
Everything’s gonna be all right-a!
Semua akan baik-baik saja, yeah!
Everything’s gonna be all right!
Semua akan baik-baik saja!
Everything’s gonna be all right, yeah!
Semua akan baik-baik saja, yeah!
Everything’s gonna be all right!
Semua akan baik-baik saja!

So, no, woman, no cry.
Jadi, Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
No, woman, no cry.
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis
I say, oh, little—oh, little darlin’, don’t shed no tears.
Kukatakan, oh, kekasih kecil, janganlah berlinang air mata.
No, woman, no cry. Eh.
Jangan, Wahai wanita janganlah menangis. Eh.

No, woman—no, woman—no, woman, no cry.
Jangan, wanita jangan, wanita jangan, wanita, janganlah menangis.
No, woman, no cry.
Jangan, wanita, janganlah menangis
One more time I got to say,
Sekali lagi harus kukatakan
Oh, little-little darlin’, please don’t shed no tears.
Oh, kekasih kecilku, janganlah menangis.
No, woman, no cry.
Jangan, wanita, janganlah menangis.

Terjemahan lirik lagu Buffalo Soldier dari Bob Marley

Buffalo Soldier, dreadlock Rasta
Sedadu kerbau, Gimbalnya rasta
There was a Buffalo Soldier
Ada serdadu kerbau
In the heart of America
Di jantung Amerika
Stolen from Africa, brought to America
Dicuri dari Afrika, dibawa ke Amerika
Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival
Berjuang saat datang, berjuang untuk bertahan hidup

I mean it, when I analyze these things
Saya sangat serius, ketika menganalisa hal-hal ini
To me, it makes a lot of sense
Bagi saya, itu sangat masuk akal
How the dreadlock Rasta was the Buffalo Soldier
Bagaimana si gimbal Rasta adalah Prajurit Kerbau
And he was taken from Africa, brought to America
Dan dia diambil dari Afrika, dibawa ke Amerika
Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival
Berjuang saat datang, berjuang untuk bertahan hidup

Said he was a Buffalo Soldier, dreadlock Rasta
Katanya dia adalah Serdadu kerbau, rambut gimbal Rasta
Buffalo Soldier, in the heart of America
Serdadu kerbau, dijantungnya Amerika

If you know your history
Jika kamu tahu sejarahmu
Then you would know where you coming from
Maka kamu akan tahu dari mana kamu berasal
Then you wouldn’t have to ask me
Maka kamu tidak perlu bertanya kepadaku
Who the heck do I think I am
Siapa sih yang kupikirkan

I’m just a Buffalo Soldier
Aku hanya seorang serdadu kerbau
In the heart of America
Di jantungnya Amerika
Stolen from Africa, brought to America
Dicuri dari Afrika, dibawa ke Amerika
Said he was fighting on arrival
Katanya dia berjuang saat datang
Fighting for survival
Berjuang untuk bertahan hidup
Said he was a Buffalo Soldier
Katanya dia adalah seorang serdadu kerbau
Win the war for America
Memenangkan perang untuk Amerika

Said he was a, woe yoy yoy, woe woe yoy yoy
Katanya dia seorang, woe yoy yoy, woe woe yoy yoy
Woe yoy yoy yo, yo yo woy yo, woe yoy yoy
Woe yoy yoy yo, yo yo woy yo, woe yoy yoy

Woe yoe yoe, woe woe yoe yoe
Woe yoe yoe, woe woe yoe yoe
Woe yoe yoe yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe
Woe yoe yoe yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe

Buffalo Soldier, troddin’ through the land woo ooh
Serdadu kerbau, berjalan melintasi tanah woo ooh
Said he wanna ran, then you wanna hand
Katanya dia ingin lari, lalu kau ingin tangan
Troddin’ through the land, yea, yea
Melintasi sepanjang daratan

Said he was a Buffalo Soldier
Katanya dia adalah seorang serdadu kerbau
Win the war for America
Memenangkan perang untuk Amerika
Buffalo Soldier, dreadlock Rasta
Serdadu kerbau, Rambut gimbalnya Rasta
Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival
Berjuang saat datang, berjuang untuk bertahan hidup
Driven from the mainland
Didorong di daratan
To the heart of the Caribbean
Ke jantung Karibia

Singing, woe yoy yoy, woe woe yoy yoy
Bernyanyilah, woe yoy yoy, woe woe yoy yoy
Woe yoy yoy yo, yo yo woy yo woy yo yoy
Woe yoy yoy yo, yo yo woy yo woy yo yoy

Woy yoy yoy, woy woy yoy yoy
Woy yoy yoy, woy woy yoy yoy
Woy yoy yoy yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoy
Woy yoy yoy yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoy

Troddin’ through San Juan
Berjalan melalui San Juan
In the arms of America
Di dalam pelukan Amerika
Troddin’ through Jamaica, a Buffalo Soldier
Berjalan melalui Jamaika, Serdadu Kerbau
Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival
Berjuang saat datang, berjuang untuk bertahan hidup
Buffalo Soldier, dreadlock Rasta
Serdadu kerbau, Gimbalnya rambut Rasta

Woe yoe yoe, woe woe yoe yoe
Woe yoe yoe, woe woe yoe yoe
Woe yoe yeo yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe
Woe yoe yeo yo, yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe

Terjemahan lirik lagu Redemption Song dari Bob Marley

Redemption Song yang dibawakan oleh Bob Marley merupakan salah satu lagu berpengaruh selama ini. Lagu yang berisi tentang penebusan, kebebasan dan emansipasi total dalam kehidupan. Beberapa lirik dalam lagu Redemption Song diambil dari pidato Marcus Garvey pada tahun 1937. Salah satu kutipan pidato Marcus Garvey yang ada didalam lirik lagu ini adalah “We are going to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery because whilst others might free the body, none but ourselves can free the mind.” Untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan lihat terjemahan lengkap dari lagu ini.

Old pirates, yes, they rob I
Bajak laut tua, ya, mereka membegalku
Sold I to the merchant ships
Menjualku ke kapal dagang
Minutes after they took I
Beberapa menit setelah mereka mengambilku
From the bottomless pit
Dari jurang maut
But my hand was made strong
Tapi tanganku menjadi kuat
By the hand of the Almighty
Dengan tangan Yang Mahakuasa
We forward in this generation
Kami meneruskan di generasi ini
Triumphantly
Dengan penuh kemenangan
Won’t you help to sing
Maukah Anda membantu menyanyi
These songs of freedom?
Lagu-lagu kebebasan ini?
‘Cause all I ever have
Karena semua yang pernah saya miliki
Redemption songs
Lagu pembebasan
Redemption songs
Lagu pembebasan

Emancipate yourselves from mental slavery
Bebaskan dirimu dari mental perbudakan
None but ourselves can free our minds
Tak seorangpun kecuali diri kita yang bisa membebaskan pikiran kita
Have no fear for atomic energy
Tidak perlu khawatir dengan energi atom
‘Cause none of them can stop the time
Karena tak satu pun dari mereka yang bisa menghentikan waktu
How long shall they kill our prophets
Berapa lama mereka akan membunuh para nabi kita
While we stand aside and look? Ooh
Sementara kita berdiri di samping dan melihat? Ooh
Some say it’s just a part of it
Ada yang bilang itu hanya sebagian saja
We’ve got to fulfill the Book
Kita harus menunaikan Kitab

Won’t you help to sing
Maukah Anda membantuku bernyanyi
These songs of freedom?
Lagu-lagu kebebasan ini?
‘Cause all I ever have
Karena semua yang pernah saya miliki
Redemption songs
Lagu pembebasan
Redemption songs
Lagu pembebasan
Redemption songs
Lagu pembebasan

Emancipate yourselves from mental slavery
Bebaskan dirimu dari mental perbudakan
None but ourselves can free our minds
Tak seorangpun kecuali diri kita yang bisa membebaskan pikiran kita
Have no fear for atomic energy
Tidak perlu khawatir dengan energi atom
‘Cause none of them can stop the time
Karena tak satu pun dari mereka yang bisa menghentikan waktu
How long shall they kill our prophets
Berapa lama mereka akan membunuh para nabi kita
While we stand aside and look? Ooh
Sementara kita berdiri di samping dan melihat? Ooh
Some say it’s just a part of it
Ada yang bilang itu hanya sebagian saja
We’ve got to fulfill the Book
Kita harus menunaikan Kitab

Terjemahan lirik lagu Three Little Birds dari Bob Marley & The Wailers

Don’t worry about a thing
Jangan khawatir akan sesuatu hal
‘Cause every little thing gonna be alright
Karena setiap hal kecil akan baik-baik saja
Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah, jangan khawatir tentang sesuatu
‘Cause every little thing gonna be alright
Karena setiap hal kecil akan baik-baik saja

Rise up this morning, smile with the rising sun
Bangun di pagi hari, tersenyum dengan matahari yang terbit
Three little birds pitch by my doorstep
Tiga burung kecil melenggang di depan pintu saya
Singin’ sweet songs of melodies pure and true
Menyanyikan lagu-lagu manis melodi yang murni dan benar
Sayin’, this is my message to you
Menyampaikan pesanku ini untuk Anda

Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah, jangan khawatir akan tentang sesuatu
‘Cause every little thing is gonna be alright
Karena semua hal kecil akan baik-baik saja
Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah jangan khawatir akan tentang sesuatu
‘Cause every little thing gonna be alright
Karena setiap hal kecil akan baik-baik saja

Rise up this morning, smile with the rising sun
Bangun di pagi hari, tersenyum dengan matahari yang terbit
Three little birds pitch by my doorstep
Tiga burung kecil melenggang di depan pintu saya
Singin’ sweet songs of melodies pure and true
Menyanyikan lagu-lagu manis melodi yang murni dan benar
Sayin’, this is my message to you
Menyampaikan pesanku ini untuk Anda

Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah, jangan khawatir akan tentang sesuatu
‘Cause every little thing is gonna be alright
Karena semua hal kecil akan baik-baik saja
Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah jangan khawatir akan tentang sesuatu
‘Cause every little thing gonna be alright
Karena setiap hal kecil akan baik-baik saja

Singin’, don’t worry about a thing
Bernyanyilah jangan khawatirkan akan sesuatu hal
‘Cause every little thing is gonna be alright
Karena setiap hal kecil akan baik-baik saja

Penulis lagu: BOB MARLEY

Lirik Three Little Birds © Odnil Music Ltd., Fifty Six Hope Road Music Ltd., Blackwell Fuller Music Publishing LLC, Fifty Six Hope Road Music Limited, FIFTY SIX HOPE ROAD MUSIC LTD

Kata-kata yang sering digunakan di Rumah Sakit

Alphabet board /ˈalfəbɛtbɔːd/ = Papan huruf abjad
Read the letters on the alphabet board.(Bacalah huruf-huruf pada papan huruf abjad.)

Cleaning fluid /ˈkliːnɪŋˈfluːɪd/ = Cairan pembersih
We need cleaning fluid to clean my CD.(Kami memerlukan cairan pembersih untuk membersihkan CD ku.)

Dental nurse /ˈdɛnt(ə)l’nəːs/ = Perawat gigi
She works as a dental nurse and my dad is a bus driver.(Dia bekerja sebagai perawat gigi dan ayah saya adalah sopir bus.)

Dentist /ˈdɛntɪst/ = Dokter gigi
The dentist does not want you to eat any sweets.(Dokter gigi tidak ingin Anda memakan permen.)

Doctor /ˈdɒktə/ = Dokter
You’re a good doctor.(Anda seorang dokter yang baik.)

Drug /drʌɡ/ = Obat-obatan
They wanted me to sell drugs for them, but I refused.(Mereka ingin saya menjual narkoba untuk mereka, tetapi saya menolak.)

Eye Drops /ʌɪ’drɒp/ = Tetes mata
I want to the drug store to buy eye drops.(Saya mau ke apotik untuk membeli tetes mata.)

Headache /ˈhɛdeɪk/ = Sakit kepala
I came in with a headache and a bad stomach everyday.(Saya mengalami sakit kepala dan sakit perut yang parah setiap hari.)

Heart attack /hɑːtəˈtak/ = Serangan jantung
He lost his father to a heart attack earlier that year.(Dia kehilangan ayahnya karena serangan jantung awal tahun itu.)

Influenza /ɪnflʊˈɛnzə/ = Flu
Each year, about 20, 000 people die from influenza.(Setiap tahun, sekitar 20.000 orang meninggal akibat influenza.)

Injection /ɪnˈdʒɛkʃ(ə)n/ = Suntikan
The blood is taken by injection.(Darah diambil melalui suntikan.)

Insect bite /ˈɪnsɛktbʌɪt/ = Gigitan serangga
The disease is usually contracted by an insect bite.(Penyakit ini biasanya tertular oleh gigitan serangga.)

Mask /mɑːsk/ = Masker
He dropped the mask on the ground.(Dia menjatuhkan topeng di tanah.)

Medical chart /ˈmɛdɪk(ə)l’tʃɑːt/ = Grafik medis
The doctor was studying his medical chart on a clipboard.(Dokter sedang mempelajari bagan medisnya di papan klip.)

Medical records = Rekam medis
He said he has no plans to release any more medical records.(Dia mengatakan tidak memiliki rencana untuk merilis catatan medis lagi.)

Mouthwash /ˈmaʊθwɒʃ/ = Kumur mulut
I swirled the liquid, green as mouthwash, in the glass.(Aku mengaduk-aduk cairan, hijau seperti obat kumur, di gelas.)

Nurse /nəːs/ = Perawat
The nurse put her down in the bed and covered her.(Perawat meletakkannya di tempat tidur dan menutupinya.)

Operation /ɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/ = Operasi
When will the operation be carried out ? (Kapan operasi itu dilakukan ?)

Optician /ɒpˈtɪʃ(ə)n/ = Ahli mata
There are full medical, dental and optician facilities available.(Tersedia fasilitas medis, gigi, dan ahli kacamata lengkap.)

Patient /ˈpeɪʃ(ə)nt/ = Pasien
In our CMV trial, this was not just 10 patients.(Dalam percobaan CMV kami, ini bukan hanya 10 pasien.)

Scales /skeɪl/ = Timbangan
Scales is a tool for weighing things. (Timbangan adalah alat untuk menimbang sesuatu.)

Stethoscope /ˈstɛθəskəʊp/ = Stetoskop
The nurses desk is covered with medical records and stethoscopes.(Meja perawat ditutupi dengan catatan medis dan stetoskop.)

Stomachache /ˈstʌmək’eɪk/ = Sakit perut
I wanted her back so bad it gave me a stomachache.(Aku sangat menginginkannya kembali sehingga membuatku sakit perut.)

Surgeon /ˈsəːdʒ(ə)n/ = Ahli bedah
Finally, it was so painful I went to a surgeon.(Akhirnya, sangat menyakitkan hingga saya pergi ke dokter bedah.)

Surgical operation /ˈsəːdʒɪk(ə)l’ɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/ = Operasi bedah
Your condition is very serious and it needs a special surgical operation.(Kondisimu sangat serius dan memerlukan operasi bedah serius.)

Tablets = Tablet
For maximum benefit, take the tablets before meals.(Untuk manfaat maksimal, minumlah tablet sebelum makan.)

Thermometer /θəˈmɒmɪtə/ = Termometer
When the thermometer is below zero water will freeze.(Ketika termometer di bawah nol air akan membeku.)

Toothache /ˈtuːθeɪk/ = Sakit gigi
I have got toothache, so I must go to a dentist.(Saya sakit gigi, jadi saya harus pergi ke dokter gigi.)

Trolley /ˈtrɒli/ = Trem
They brought breakfast to the room on a trolley.(Mereka membawa sarapan ke kamar dengan troli.)

X-Rays /ˈɛksreɪ/ = Sinar X
X-rays have confirmed that he has not broken any bones.(Sinar-X telah mengkonfirmasi bahwa ia belum mematahkan tulang.)

Jenis-jenis pekerjaan dalam Bahasa Inggris

Inilah kata-kata dalam bahasa Inggris tentang sebutan untuk profesi beserta contohnya didalam kalimat.

Accountant /əˈkaʊnt(ə)nt/ = Akuntan
Tax season is a very busy time of year for accountants.(Musim pajak adalah waktu yang sangat sibuk bagi akuntan.)

Architect /ˈɑːkɪtɛkt/ = Arsitek
The architect is drawing up plans for the new offices.(Arsitek sedang menyusun rencana untuk kantor baru.)

Artist /ˈɑːtɪst/ = Artis
The artist led off in the discussion on modern art.(Sang seniman memimpin diskusi tentang seni modern.)

Bank clerk = Pegawai bank
She was a bank clerk until the war, when she trained as a nurse.(Dia adalah pegawai bank sampai perang, ketika dia dilatih sebagai perawat.)

Bricklayer /ˈbrɪkleɪə/ = Tukang batu
Building workers walked out during the morning in protest at the sacking of a bricklayer.(Pekerja bangunan berjalan keluar pada pagi hari sebagai protes atas pemecatan seorang tukang batu.)

Butcher /ˈbʊtʃə/ = Tukang daging
A butcher needs sharp knives.(Seorang tukang daging membutuhkan pisau yang tajam.)

Carpenter /ˈkɑːp(ə)ntə/ = Tukang kayu
The carpenter put up some shelving in the living room.(Tukang kayu memasang rak di ruang tamu.)

Dentist /ˈdɛntɪst/ = Dokter gigi
The dentist could detect no sign of decay in her teeth.(Dokter gigi tidak dapat mendeteksi adanya kerusakan di giginya.)

Designer /dɪˈzʌɪnə/ = Perancang
The actress was dressed by a French dress designer.(Aktris itu berpakaian oleh desainer pakaian Prancis.)

Director /dɪˈrɛktə/ = Direktur
The new director is likely to make major changes in personnel.(Direktur baru kemungkinan akan membuat perubahan besar dalam personel.)

Doctor /ˈdɒktə/ = Dokter
He masqueraded as a doctor and fooled everyone.(Dia menyamar sebagai dokter dan menipu semua orang.)

Electrician /ˌiːlɛkˈtrɪʃ(ə)n/ = Tukang Listrik
You’ll need a qualified electrician to rewire your house.(Anda akan membutuhkan tukang listrik yang berkualitas untuk memperbaiki rumah Anda.)

Factory worker /ˈfakt(ə)riˈwəːkə/ = Pekerja Pabrik
Many important businessmen began as factory workers.(Banyak pengusaha penting mulai sebagai pekerja pabrik.)

Farmer /ˈfɑːmə/ = Petani
The farmer called the vet out to treat a sick cow.(Peternak memanggil dokter hewan untuk merawat sapi yang sakit.)

Firefighter /ˈfʌɪəfʌɪtə/ = Pemadam kebakaran
Six firefighters were injured battling the blaze.(Enam petugas pemadam kebakaran terluka saat memadamkan api.)

Fisherman /ˈfɪʃəmən/ = Tukang mancing
He made friends with an old fisherman.(Dia berteman dengan seorang nelayan tua.)

Hairdresser /ˈhɛːdrɛsə/ = Penata rambut
She has set up in business as a hairdresser.(Dia telah mendirikan bisnis sebagai penata rambut.)

Journalist /ˈdʒəːn(ə)lɪst/ = Wartawan
My former husband is a journalist.(Mantan suamiku adalah seorang jurnalis.)

Judge /dʒʌdʒ = Hakim, Wasit
The judge looked over to the prisoner in the dock.(Hakim memandang ke tahanan di dermaga.)

Lawyer /ˈlɔːjə/ = Pengacara
His lawyer turned to address the bench.(Pengacaranya menoleh ke bangku.)

Lecturer /ˈlɛktʃ(ə)rə/ = Penceramah, Dosen
The head lecturer was sacked for seducing female students.(Kepala dosen dipecat karena merayu mahasiswa perempuan.)

Maid /meɪd/ = Pembantu, Pelayan
We have a maid to do the housework.(Kami memiliki pelayan untuk melakukan pekerjaan rumah.)

Manager /ˈmanɪdʒə/ = Manajer
He will remain manager of the club until the end of his contract.(Dia akan tetap menjadi manajer klub sampai akhir kontraknya.)

Mechanic /mɪˈkanɪk/ = Montir
The mechanic found that the engine hood of the plane would not lift.(Mekanik menemukan bahwa kap mesin pesawat tidak akan terangkat.)

Newsreader /ˈnjuːzriːdə/ = Pembaca berita
Keep studying and you can become a newsreader.(Teruslah belajar dan Anda bisa menjadi seorang pembaca berita.)

Nurse /nəːs/ = Perawat
The nurse visits patients in their homes.(Perawat mengunjungi pasien di rumah mereka.)

Office worker /ˈɒfɪsˈwəːkə/ = Pekerja Kantor
I’m an ordinary office worker.(Saya seorang pekerja kantor biasa.)

Painter /ˈpeɪntə/ = Pelukis
The painter drew the scene from memory.(Pelukis itu menggambar pemandangan dari ingatannya.)

Pharmacist /ˈfɑːməsɪst/ = Apoteker
The pharmacist will advise which medicines are safe to take.(Apoteker akan menyarankan obat mana yang aman untuk dikonsumsi.)

Photographer /fəˈtɒɡrəfə/ = Juru potret, Tukang potret
He was involved in a scuffle with a photographer.(Dia terlibat perkelahian dengan seorang fotografer.)

Plumber /ˈplʌmə/ = Tukang ledeng, Tukang pipa
The plumber came to mend the burst pipe.(Tukang ledeng datang untuk memperbaiki pipa yang pecah.)

Policeman /pəˈliːsmən/ = Polisi
A policeman has the authority to arrest lawbreakers.(Seorang polisi memiliki wewenang untuk menangkap pelanggar hukum.)

Postman /ˈpəʊs(t)mən/ = Tukang pos
The postman has just delivered a package for you.(Tukang pos baru saja mengirimkan paket untuk Anda.)

Receptionist /rɪˈsɛpʃ(ə)nɪst/ = Resepsionis
Visitors should inform the receptionist of their arrival.(Pengunjung harus memberi tahu resepsionis tentang kedatangan mereka.)

Scientist /ˈsʌɪəntɪst/ = Ilmuwan, Peneliti
Her mother was a brilliant scientist.(Ibunya adalah seorang ilmuwan yang brilian.)

Secretary /ˈsɛkrɪt(ə)ri/ = Sekretaris
The secretary told me no man would hassle her boss.(Sekretaris mengatakan kepada saya bahwa tidak ada pria yang akan mengganggu bosnya.)

Servants /ˈsəːv(ə)nt/ = Pelayan, Pembantu
There are three servants to wait on the guests.(Ada tiga pelayan yang menunggu para tamu.)

Soldier /ˈsəʊldʒə/ = Tentara
The deceased general was a great soldier.(Jenderal yang meninggal itu adalah seorang prajurit yang hebat.)

Supervisor /ˈsuːpəvʌɪzə/ = Pengawas, Mandor, Penyelia
The new workers need direction from a supervisor.(Pekerja baru membutuhkan arahan dari mandor.)

Taxi driver /ˈtaksiˈdrʌɪvə/ = Supir taksi
The taxi driver is plying for hire.(Sopir taksi sedang menunggu untuk disewa.)

Teacher /ˈtiːtʃə/ = Guru
The boy surrendered the catapult to the teacher.(Bocah itu menyerahkan ketapel kepada gurunya.)

Technician /tɛkˈnɪʃ(ə)n/ = Teknisi
A skilled technician takes years to train.(Seorang teknisi yang terampil membutuhkan waktu bertahun-tahun untuk dilatih.)

Travel agent = Agen Perjalanan
The travel agent recommended that I take out travel insurance.(Agen perjalanan merekomendasikan agar saya mengambil asuransi perjalanan.)

Waiter /ˈweɪtə/ = Pelayan
We had an argument with the waiter about the bill.(Kami berdebat dengan pelayan tentang tagihan.)

Window cleaner /ˈwɪndəʊˈkliːnə/ = Pembersih jendela
He works as a window cleaner.(Ia bekerja sebagai pembersih jendela.)

Contoh penggunaan kata-kata dalam kalimat (Rumah) part 2

Ini adalah lanjutan dari artikel sebelumnya yang membahas contoh penggunaan kata-kata dalam kalimat tentang rumah.

Kettle /ˈkɛt(ə)l/ = Ketel
They all used water boiled in the kettle to make drinks.(Mereka semua menggunakan air yang direbus dalam ketel untuk membuat minuman.)

Key /kiː/ = Kunci
He bent down and pushed the key into the keyhole.(Dia membungkuk dan mendorong kunci ke lubang kunci.)

Kitchen /ˈkɪtʃ(ə)n//ˈkɪtʃɪn/ = Dapur
Bambang is in the kitchen washing dishes.(Bambang ada di dapur, mencuci piring.)

Knife /nʌɪf/ = Pisau
Heri handed the knife to Indri.(Heri menyerahkan pisau itu kepada Indri.)

Lamp /lamp/ = Lampu
She switched on the lamp because it was dark.(Dia menyalakan lampu karena gelap.)

Lamp chimney /lamp:ˈtʃɪmni/= Lampu semprong
I use a lamp chimney when the electricity is off.(Saya menggunakan cerobong lampu ketika listrik mati.)

Laundry soap /ˈlɔːndri:səʊp/ = Sabun cuci
Most people put the laundry soap in the soap dispenser.(Kebanyakan orang memasukkan sabun cuci ke dalam wadah sabun.)

Living Room /ˈlɪvɪŋ:ruːm/ = Ruang keluarga
Handoko and I waited turns in the living room.(Handoko dan saya menunggu giliran di ruang keluarga.)

Mantelpiece /ˈmant(ə)lpiːs/ = Rak di atas tungku api
He has photographs of all her grandchildren on the mantelpiece.(Dia memiliki foto-foto semua cucunya di atas perapian.)

Mattress /ˈmatrɪs/ = Matras
Pillows, mattresses, blankets and sheets were strewn throughout the room.(Bantal, kasur, selimut, dan seprai berserakan di seluruh ruangan.)

Mirror /ˈmɪrə/ = Cermin
I saw Melania sitting in front of a mirror brushing her hair.(Kulihat Melania duduk di depan cermin menyikat rambutnya.)

Mixer /ˈmɪksə/ = Pengaduk
May I borrow your mixer.(Bolehkan Saya meminjam mixer Anda.)

Napkin /ˈnapkɪn/ = Serbet
She unfolded her napkin and put it on her lap.(Dia membuka serbetnya dan meletakkannya di pangkuannya.)

Oven /ˈʌv(ə)n/ = Kompor
The fire started after a piece of fish was left cooking in an oven.(Api dinyalakan setelah sepotong ikan dibiarkan memasak di kompor.)

Picture frame /ˈpɪktʃə freɪm/ = Bingkai Foto
This picture frame is very luxurious.(Bingkai foto ini sangat mewah.)

Pillow /ˈpɪləʊ/ = Bantal
She laid her head down on the pillow.(Dia membaringkan kepalanya di bantal.)

Pillowcase /ˈpɪləʊkeɪs/ = Sarung bantal
Wash sheets, pillowcases and blankets at least once a week.(Cuci seprai, sarung bantal, dan selimut setidaknya seminggu sekali.)

Plate /pleɪt/ = Piring
Bring me a clean plate and take the dirty one away.(Bawakan aku piring bersih dan bawa yang kotor.)

Refrigerator /rɪˈfrɪdʒəreɪtə/ = Kulkas
We ate supper and put the rest in the refrigerator for you.(Kami makan malam dan menaruh sisanya di lemari es untuk Anda.)

Roof /ruːf/ = Atap
The rain on the roof was soothing.(Hujan di atap sangat menenangkan.)

Room /ruːm/ = Kamar
Alex walked into the room, smiling when he saw what she had done.(Alex berjalan ke kamar, tersenyum ketika dia melihat apa yang telah dia lakukan.)

Rug /rʌɡ/ = Permadani
She sprawled on the rug near the fireplace.(Dia terkapar di karpet dekat perapian.)

Saucepan /ˈsɔːspən/ = Panci
Bagas opened a can of soup and emptied it into a saucepan.(Bagas membuka sekaleng sup dan mengosongkannya ke dalam panci.)

Saucer /ˈsɔːsə/ = Piring cawan, lepek
She put her cup and saucer down on the table.(Dia meletakkan cangkir dan piringnya di atas meja.)

Shampoo /ʃamˈpuː/ = Sampo
I put the shampoo onto his body and rubbed it in.(Saya menempatkan sampo ke tubuhnya dan menggosoknya.)

Shelf /ʃɛlf/ = Rak
He took down a dictionary from the top shelf.(He took down a dictionary from the top shelf.)

Single bed /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)lbiːˈɛd/ = Kasur single
There is just enough room for a narrow single bed.(There is just enough room for a narrow single bed.)

Soap /səʊp/ = Sabun
Wash your hands with soap.(Cuci tangan anda dengan sabun.)

Sofa /ˈsəʊfə/ = Sofa, dipan
Sitting on the sofa is very comfortable.(Duduk di sofa itu sangat nyaman.)

Spoon /spuːn/ = Sendok
The baby cannot use a spoon yet.(Bayi belum bisa menggunakan sendok.)

Study room /ˈstʌdi:ruːm/= Ruang belajar
My son are in the study room.(Anak lelakiku sedang berada di ruang belajar.)

Table /ˈteɪb(ə)l/ = Meja
This table is made of wood.(Meja ini terbuat dari kayu.)

Teapot /ˈtiːpɒt/ = Teko teh
This kind of teapot is very expensive.(Teko jenis ini sangat mahal.)

Teaset /ˈtiːsɛt/ = Cangkir teh dan tutupnya
A full teaset like this consists of a pot and eight cups.(Satu set teh lengkap seperti ini terdiri dari pot dan delapan cangkir.)

Tile /tʌɪl/ = Ubin
A cracked tile spoiled the look of the countertop.(Ubin yang retak merusak tampilan meja.)

Toilet /ˈtɔɪlɪt/ = Kamar kecil, Jamban
Every flat has its own bathroom and toilet.(Setiap flat memiliki kamar mandi dan toilet sendiri.)

Toothbrush /ˈtuːθbrʌʃ/ = Sikat gigi
He has refused to let me use his toothbrush.(Dia menolak untuk membiarkan saya menggunakan sikat giginya.)

Toothpaste /ˈtuːθpeɪst/ = Pasta gigi
She carefully screwed the cap back onto the toothpaste.(Dia dengan hati-hati memasang kembali tutupnya ke pasta gigi.)

Tray /treɪ/ = Baki, penampang
She sent back her breakfast tray untouched.(Dia mengirim kembali nampan sarapannya tanpa disentuh.)

TV aerial /tiːˈviːˈɛːrɪəl/ = Antena TV
How high is your TV aerial ?(Berapa tingginya antena TV mu ?)

Vase /vɑːz/ = Pot bunga
He set a vase of flowers on the table.(Dia meletakkan vas bunga di atas meja.)

Wall /wɔːl/ = Tembok
The children squeezed through a gap in the wall.(Anak-anak itu masuk melalui celah di dinding.)

Wallpaper /ˈwɔːlpeɪpə/ = Tembok
We scraped away the top layer of wallpaper.(Kami menghapus lapisan atas wallpaper.)

Window /ˈwɪndəʊ/ = Jendela
You can watch the trains going by from this window.(Anda dapat menonton kereta yang lewat dari jendela ini.)

Wine glass /ˈwʌɪnɡlɑːs/ = Gelas anggur
Make a toast to one another every time you hold a wine glass.(Bersulang satu sama lain setiap kali Anda memegang gelas anggur.)

Wardrobe /ˈwɔːdrəʊb/ = Lemari pakaian
She found ample room for her things in the wardrobe.(Dia menemukan banyak ruang untuk barang-barangnya di lemari.)

Contoh penggunaan kata-kata dalam kalimat (Rumah)

Dibawah ini adalah kata-kata yang bisa kita temukan di rumah kita serta contoh penggunaannya dalam sebuah kalimat.

Balcony /ˈbalkəni/ = Balkon
She shoved the cracked balcony door all the way open.(Dia mendorong pintu balkon yang retak sampai terbuka.)


Bathroom /ˈbɑːθrʊm/ = Kamar mandi
I have to go to the bathroom first thought. (Saya harus ke kamar mandi lebih dahulu.)


Bath Towel = Handuk
Where is my bath towel, Annisa ? I don’t know.(Di mana handuk mandi saya, Annisa? Saya tidak tahu.)


Bedroom /ˈbɛdruːm/ = Kamar tidur
I scooted into the bedroom and closed the door.(Aku berlari ke kamar dan menutup pintu.)


Bedside table = Meja tempat tidur
Put the drink and pills on the bedside table.(Letakkan minuman dan pil di atas meja samping tempat tidur.)


Bin /bɪn/ = Tempat sampah
Throw away this paper into bin.(Buang kertas ini ke tempat sampah.)


Blanket /ˈblaŋkɪt/ = Selimut
She dropped back on the blanket and yanked it over her body.(Dia menjatuhkan selimut dan menariknya ke atas tubuhnya.)


Blender /ˈblɛndə/ = Alat pencampur
Where do you buy this blender ? At the supermarket.(Di mana Anda membeli blender ini? Di pasar swalayan.)


Bookcase /ˈbʊkkeɪs/ = Rak buku
A bookcase containing a dozen football trophies highlighted the far wall of the small room.(Sebuah rak buku yang berisi selusin trofi sepak bola menyoroti dinding jauh ruangan kecil itu.)


Bowl /bəʊl/ = Mangkuk
He grabbed a bowl and dipped out the last of the oatmeal.(Dia mengambil mangkuk dan mencelupkan oatmeal terakhir.)


Candle /ˈkand(ə)l/ = Lilin
The candle was blown out by the wind.(Lilin itu tertiup angin.)


Carpet /ˈkɑːpɪt/ = Karpet
Joko saw dirty footprints on the white carpet.(Joko melihat jejak kaki kotor di karpet putih.)


Chair /tʃɛː/ = Kursi
My father fixed a broken chair.(Bapakku memperbaiki kursi yang rusak.)


Chimney /ˈtʃɪmni/ = Cerobong asap
Her boyfriend smokes like a chimney.(Pacarnya merokok seperti cerobong asap.)


Coffee pot = Teko kopi
In the kitchen she removed two mugs from the holder and reached for the coffee pot.(Di dapur dia mengeluarkan dua cangkir dari tempat itu dan meraih teko kopi.)


Coffee table = Meja kopi
A newspaper with Prabowo’s picture on it lay opened on the coffee table.(Sebuah koran dengan gambar Prabowo di atasnya tergeletak terbuka di meja kopi.)


Cold water tap = Kran air dingin
This room is equipped with a cold water tap.(Kamar ini dilengkapi dengan kran air dingin.)


Conditioner /kənˈdɪʃ(ə)nə/ = pelembab rambut
Do you use shampoo with conditioner ?(Apakah Anda menggunakan sampo dengan kondisioner?)


Cup /kʌp/ = Cangkir
Give me a cup of coffee.(Berikan saya secangkir kopi.)


Cupboard /ˈkʌbəd/ = Lemari
He took a mug from the cupboard and poured himself a cup of coffee.(Dia mengambil cangkir dari lemari dan menuang secangkir kopi untuk dirinya sendiri.)


Curtain /ˈkəːt(ə)n/ = Tirai
Yeni hide herself behind the curtain.(Yeni menyembunyikan dirinya di balik tirai.)


Cushion /ˈkʊʃ(ə)n/ = Bantal kursi
The cushions on the sofa don’t match those on the armchairs.(Bantal di sofa tidak cocok dengan yang ada di kursi.)


Dining Room = Ruang makan
Your dining room is large and clean.(Ruang makan Anda besar dan bersih.)


Dish /dɪʃ/ = Makanan
Albert put some food into the dog’s dish.(Albert menaruh beberapa makanan ke piring anjing.)


Door /dɔː/ = Pintu
I’ll close the door.(Saya akan menutup pintu.)


Double bed = Tempat tidur ganda
Do you want a single bed or double bed ? (Apakah kamu ingin satu tempat tidur atau tempat tidur ganda ?)


Drain /dreɪn/ = Selokan
We must clean our drain once a month.(Kita harus membersihkan selokan kita sebulan sekali.)


Drawer /drɔː/ = Laci
I found her pictures in your drawer.(Saya menemukan fotonya di laci Anda.)


Dressing Room = Kamar ganti
He waited in his dressing room until it was time for him to appear on stage.(Dia menunggu di ruang gantinya sampai tiba waktunya untuk tampil di atas panggung.)


Dressing table = Meja rias
Your dressing table is very simple.(Meja rias Anda sangat sederhana.)


Fence /fɛns/ = Pagar
I had some help painting the fence.(Saya mendapatkan bantuan untuk mengecat pagar.)


Fireplace /ˈfʌɪəpleɪs/ = Perapian
Theresia and Michael were both sitting in front of the fireplace.(Theresia dan Michael sama-sama duduk di depan perapian.)


Floor /flɔː/ = Lantai
I don’t mind sleeping on the floor.(Saya tidak keberatan tidur di lantai.)


Flower /ˈflaʊə/ = Bunga
Bambang sent Hesti some flowers.(Bambang mengirimi Hesti beberapa bunga.)


Fork /fɔːk/ = Garpu
Bayu eats pizza with a fork, but Cindy eats it with her hands.(Bayu makan pizza dengan garpu, tetapi Cindy memakannya dengan tangannya.)


Freezer /ˈfriːzə/ = Lemari Es
She still had some meat in her freezer, as well as some frozen colostrum.(Dia masih memiliki beberapa daging di dalam freezer, dan juga kolostrum beku.)


Frying pan = Wajan, Penggorengan
This frying pan is very expensive, So I need the cheap one.(Wajan ini sangat mahal, jadi saya perlu yang murah.)


Garage /ˈɡarɑː(d)ʒ/ = Garasi
She asked him to help her father clean the garage.(Dia memintanya untuk membantu ayahnya membersihkan garasi.)


Garden /ˈɡɑːd(ə)n/ = Kebun
Bambang grows strawberries in his garden.(Bambang menanam stroberi di kebunnya.)


Gate /ɡeɪt/ = Gerbang
Jamal showed his passport to the man at the gate.(Jamal menunjukkan paspornya kepada pria di gerbang.)


Grater /ˈɡreɪtə/ = Parutan
This grater is dull.(Parutan ini tumpul.)


Hand towel = Handuk tangan
Use this hand towel only.(Gunakan hanya handuk tangan ini.)


Hot water tap = Kran air panas
This room is equipped with a hot water tap.(Kamar ini dilengkapi dengan kran air panas.)


Jug /dʒʌɡ/ = Kendi
A few minutes later, Budi returned with a jug of water, appearing less than excited.(Beberapa menit kemudian, Budi kembali dengan kendi berisi air, tampak kurang bersemangat.)

Penjelasan Simple Future Tense Lengkap

Penggunaan

Simple Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan aktifitas atau tindakan yang bersifat sukarela, bisa juga digunakan untuk merespon permintaan tolong dari seseorang. Simple future tense juga digunakan untuk jika kita mengharapkan bantuan kepada orang lain untuk melakukan sesuatu. Dalam hal ini membentuk kalimat dengan menggunakan kata will atau will not untuk kalimat negatifnya.

Contoh :

I will send you the information when I get it.
Saya akan mengirimkan Anda informasi ketika saya mendapatkannya.
I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.
Saya akan menerjemahkan emailnya, sehingga Tuan Smith dapat membacanya.
Will you help me move this heavy table?
Maukah Anda membantu saya memindahkan meja yang berat ini?
Will you make dinner?
Apakah Anda akan membuat makan malam?
I will not do your homework for you.
Saya tidak akan melakukan pekerjaan rumah Anda untuk Anda.

Simple Future tense dengan menggunakan kata will juga bisa berfungsi untuk mengungkapkan suatu janji terhadap seseorang.

Contoh :

I will call you when I arrive.
Saya akan menghubungi Anda ketika saya tiba.
If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.
Jika saya terpilih sebagai Presiden Amerika Serikat, saya akan memastikan semua orang memiliki akses ke asuransi kesehatan yang murah.
I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
Aku berjanji tidak akan memberitahunya tentang pesta kejutan itu.
Don’t worry, I’ll be careful.
Jangan khawatir, saya akan berhati-hati.
I won’t tell anyone your secret.
Saya tidak akan memberitahu siapa pun rahasiamu.
I promise I will buy you this toy.
Aku berjanji akan membelikanmu mainan ini.
Swear you will never leave me!
Bersumpah kau tidak akan pernah meninggalkanku!
You have my guarantee I will never do it again.
Anda memiliki jaminan saya, saya tidak akan pernah melakukannya lagi.
I will do my best!
Aku akan melakukan yang terbaik!

Simple future tense bisa digunakan untuk menggambarkan rencana di masa depan dengan menggunakan kata be going to. Kata be going to digunakan dalam simple future tense ketika ada seseorang berinisiatif untuk melakukan aktifitas atau tindakan tertentu di masa depan walaupun rencana tersebut realistis atau tidak.

Contoh :

He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.
Dia akan menghabiskan liburannya di Hawaii.
She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.
Dia tidak akan menghabiskan liburannya di Hawaii.
I’m going to be an actor when I grow up.
Saya akan menjadi aktor ketika saya dewasa.
Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.
Michelle akan memulai sekolah kedokteran tahun depan.
They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.
Mereka akan pergi ke Alaska.

Simple future tense bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan prediksi di masa depan. Dalam membentuk kalimat prediksi ini, penggunaan will atau be going to tidak ditentukan oleh subjeknya. Jadi will dan be going to mempunyai arti yang sama.

Contoh :

The year 2024 will be a very interesting year.
Tahun 2024 akan menjadi tahun yang sangat menarik.
The year 2024 is going to be a very interesting year.
Tahun 2024 akan menjadi tahun yang sangat menarik.
John Smith will be the next President.
John Smith akan menjadi Presiden berikutnya.
John Smith is going to be the next President.
John Smith akan menjadi Presiden berikutnya.

Kata-kata penunjuk waktu

Tonight Malam ini
This afternoon Sore ini
Tomorrow Besok
Next week Minggu depan
Next month Bulan depan
Next year Tahun depan
Soon Segera

Struktur Simple Future Tense

Simple Future dengan will

Kalimat Nominal

  Subject Auxiliary Verb “will” Be (verb 1)  
+ I will   be At home today.
+ We will   be At home today.
+ You will   be At home today.
+ They will   be At home today.
+ He will   be At home today.
+ She will   be At home today.
+ It will   be At home today.
+ Budi will   be At home today.
+ Ani and Wati will   be At home today.
I will not be At home today.
We will not be At home today.
You will not be At home today.
They will not be At home today.
He will not be At home today.
She will not be At home today.
It will not be At home today.
Budi will not be At home today.
Ani and Wati will not be At home today.
? will I   be At home today.
? will We   be At home today.
? will You   be At home today.
? will They   be At home today.
? will He   be At home today.
? will She   be At home today.
? will It   be At home today.
? will Budi   be At home today.
? will Ani and Wati   be At home today.

Kalimat verbal

  Subject Auxliary Verb “will”   Main Verb (verb 1)  
+ I will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ We will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ You will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ They will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ He will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ She will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ It will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ Budi will   go To the gym tomorrow.
Ani and Wati will   go To the gym tomorrow.
I will not go To the gym tomorrow.
We will not go To the gym tomorrow.
You will not go To the gym tomorrow.
They will not go To the gym tomorrow.
He will not go To the gym tomorrow.
She will not go To the gym tomorrow.
It will not go To the gym tomorrow.
Budi will not go To the gym tomorrow.
Ani and Wati will not go To the gym tomorrow.
? will I   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will We   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will You   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will They   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will He   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will She   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will It   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will Budi   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will Ani and Wati   go To the gym tomorrow ?
  • Auxiliary verb “will” selalu digunakan dalam simple future tense.
  • Untuk kalimat nominal, “be” digunakan setelah auxiliary verb “will”.
  • Untuk kalimat verbal, kata kerjanya selalu dalam bentuk dasar.
  • Untuk kalimat negatif, “not” ditambahkan di antara auxiliary verb “will” dan kata kerja utama.
  • Untuk kalimat pertanyaan, auxiliary verb “will” diletakkan sebelum subjek.

Simple future dengan “be going to”

Kalimat Nominal

  Subject Be Going to Be (Verb 1)  
+ I am   going to be at school today.
+ We are   going to be at school today.
+ You are   going to be at school today.
+ They are   going to be at school today.
+ He is   going to be at school today.
+ She is   going to be at school today.
+ It is   going to be at your house today.
+ Budi is   going to be at school today.
+ Ani and Wati are   going to be at school today.
I am not going to be at school today.
We are not going to be at school today.
You are not going to be at school today.
They are not going to be at school today.
He is not going to be at school today.
She is not going to be at school today.
It is not going to be at your house today.
Budi is not going to be at school today.
Ani and Wati are not going to be at school today.
? Am I   going to be at school today.
? Are We   going to be at school today.
? Are You   going to be at school today.
? Are They   going to be at school today.
? Is He   going to be at school today.
? Is She   going to be at school today.
? Is It   going to be at your house today.
? Is Budi   going to be at school today.
? Are Ani and Wati   going to be at school today.

Kalimat Verbal

  Subject Be Going to Be (Verb 1)  
+ I am   going to be at school today.
+ We are   going to be at school today.
+ You are   going to be at school today.
+ They are   going to be at school today.
+ He is   going to be at school today.
+ She is   going to be at school today.
+ It is   going to be at your house today.
+ Budi is   going to be at school today.
+ Ani and Wati are   going to be at school today.
I am not going to be at school today.
We are not going to be at school today.
You are not going to be at school today.
They are not going to be at school today.
He is not going to be at school today.
She is not going to be at school today.
It is not going to be at your house today.
Budi is not going to be at school today.
Ani and Wati are not going to be at school today.
? Am I   going to be at school today.
? Are We   going to be at school today.
? Are You   going to be at school today.
? Are They   going to be at school today.
? Is He   going to be at school today.
? Is She   going to be at school today.
? Is It   going to be at your house today.
? Is Budi   going to be at school today.
? Are Ani and Wati   going to be at school today.
  • “be going to” digunakan dalam simple future tense untuk menyatakan rencana di masa datang.
  • Bentuk “be” dalam “be going to” berubah sesuai dengan subjeknya (am, is, are).
  • Untuk kalimat nominal, bentuk dasar “be” diletakkan setelah “be going to”. Untuk kalimat verbal, kata kerja utama dalam bentuk dasar (verb 1) diletakkan setelah “be going to”.
  • Untuk kalimat negatif, “not” ditambahkan diantara “am/is/are” dan “going to”.
  • Untuk kalimat pertanyaan, “to be” (am/is/are) diletakkan sebelum subjek.

Long form (bentuk panjang) dan Short form dalam Simple Future Tense

 

POSITIF

Long Form

Short Form

I, You, She, He, It, We, They

I will go

I’ll go

NEGATIF

I, You, She, He, It, We, They

I will not go

I won’t go atau I’ll not go

Penjelasan Lengkap Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Penggunaan

Past Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan menunjukkan suatu aktifitas atau peristiwa yang dimulai pada masa lampau dan berlanjut hingga waktu lain di masa lampau. for ten minutes, for two weeks dan lain-lain biasanya di periode tersebut sering digunakan dalam past perfect continuous tense.

Contoh :

They had been talking for over an hour before Anton arrived.
Mereka sudah bicara lebih dari satu jam sebelum Anton datang.

Mahmud wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work.
Mahmud ingin duduk karena dia berdiri sepanjang hari di tempat kerja.

Jonathan had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he left for Africa.
Jonathan telah mengajar di universitas selama lebih dari setahun sebelum dia pergi ke Afrika.

How long had you been waiting to get on the bus?
Berapa lama Anda menunggu untuk naik bus?

She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business.
Dia telah bekerja di perusahaan itu selama tiga tahun ketika perusahaan itu gulung tikar.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense berfungsi untuk mengungkapkan suatu alasan tindakan yang dilakukan di masa lampau. Dalam hal ini Past Perfect Continuous Tense seringkali digunakan untuk menggambarkan kalimat sebab-akibat.

Contoh :

Joko was tired because he had been jogging.
Joko lelah karena dia jogging.

Susi failed the final test because she had not been attending class.
Susi gagal ujian akhir karena dia tidak menghadiri kelas.

Prabowo gained weight because he had been overeating.
Prabowo bertambah gemuk karena dia makan berlebihan.

Past Continuous dan Past Perfect Continuous

Pada past perfect continuous tense tidak menggunakan kata-kata yang menunjukkan periode waktu seperti for five minutes, for two weeks dan lain-lain kita lebih terbiasa menggunakan past continuous tense dari pada past perfect continuous tense. Past Continuous Tense menekankan pada aktifitas yang tertangguhkan, akan tetapi past perfect continuous tense menekankan pada periode waktu sebelum aktifitas yang lain di masa lampau.

Contoh :

He was tired because he was exercising so hard.
Kalimat diatas menekankan bahwa dia merasa lelah karena dia berlatih sangat keras pada saat itu.

He was tired because he had been exercising so hard.
Kalimat diatas menekankan bahwa dia lelah karena telah berlatih keras pada kurun waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Mungkin saja dia masih terus berlatih pada waktu itu.

Kata-kata penunjuk waktu

Dalam Past perfect continuous tense biasanya bersamaan dengan simple past. Sangat perlu diperhatikan ketika past perfect continuous dan simple past tense dikombinasikan dalam satu kalimat :

Aktifitas pertama, aktifitas yang baru saja diselesaikan atau masih berlangsung sebelum aktifitas yang lain dilakukan => Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

Aktifitas kedua => Simple past.

Struktur Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject Auxiliary Verb Been Verb-ing
+ I had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ We had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ You had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ They had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ He had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ She had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ It had been sleeping For four hours before Lilis came to visit.
+ Budi had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
+ Ani and Wati had been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
I had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
We had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
You had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
They had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
He had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
She had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
It had not been sleeping For four hours before Lilis came to visit.
Budi had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
Ani and Wati had not been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had I been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had We been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had You been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had They been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had He been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had She been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had It been sleeping For four hours before Lilis came to visit.
? had Budi been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.
? had Ani and Wati been cleaning All week, before Lilis came to visit.

Long Form (bentuk panjang) dan Short Form (bentuk pendek) di Past Perfect Continuous Tense

POSITIVE
Long Form Short Form
I, You, He, She, It, We, They
I had been reading I’d been reading
You had been reading You’d been reading
He had been reading He’d been reading
She had been reading She’d been reading
It had been reading It’d been reading
We had been reading We’d been reading
They had been reading They’d been reading

 

NEGATIVE
Long Form Short Form
I, You, He, She, It, We, They
I had not been reading I’d not been reading/I hadn’t been reading
You had not been reading You’d not been reading/You hadn’t been reading
He had not been reading He’d not been reading/He hadn’t been reading
She had not been reading She’d not been reading/She hadn’t been reading
It had not been reading It’d not been reading/It hadn’t been reading
We had not been reading We’d not been reading/We hadn’t been reading
They had not been reading They’d not been reading/They hadn’t been reading