Penjelasan Lengkap Past Perfect Tense

Penggunaan

Past Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menggambarkan suatu pendapat yang terpikir sebelum peristiwa atau aktifitas tertentu terjadi di masa lalu. Hal ini juga menunjukkan bahwa sesuatu yang telah terjadi sebelum waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

Contoh :

I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
Saya tidak punya uang karena Saya kehilangan dompet saya.

I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Pattaya.
Saya belum pernah melihat pantai sebagai itu sebelum saya pergi ke Pattaya.

Rahman knew Yogyakarta so well because he had visited the city several times.
Rahman mengenal Yogyakarta sangat baik karena dia pernah berkunjung ke kota Yogyakarta beberapa kali.

Had Annisa ever studied Arabic before she moved to Medina?
Apakah Annisa pernah belajar bahasa Arab sebelum dia pindah ke Madinah ?

Tania had never been to an opera before last night.
Tania belum pernah ke opera sebelum semalam.

Past Perfect Tense juga berfungsi untuk menggambarkan durasi atau periode (kurun waktu) terjadinya suatu peristiwa atau aktifitas tertentu di masa lampau sampai sesuatu aktifitas atau peristiwa yang lain terjadi juga di masa lampau.

Contoh :

We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.
Kami memiliki mobil itu selama sepuluh tahun sebelum mobil itu mogok.

By the time Anton finished his studies, he had been in Yogyakarta for over eight years.
Pada saat Anton menyelesaikan studinya, dia sudah berada di Yogyakarta selama lebih dari delapan tahun.

They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than fifty years.
Mereka merasa sedih menjual rumah itu karena sudah memilikinya selama lebih dari lima puluh tahun.

Struktur Past Perfect Tense

Kalimat Nominal

Subject Auxiliary Verb Been (Verb 3)
+ I had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ We had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ You had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ They had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ He had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ She had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ It had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ Budi had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
+ Ani and Wati had been To Yogyakarta before 2003
I had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
We had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
You had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
They had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
He had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
She had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
It had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
Budi had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
Ani and Wati had not been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had I been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had We been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had You been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had They been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had He been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had She been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had It been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had Budi been To Yogyakarta before 2003
? had Ani and Wati been To Yogyakarta before 2003

Kalimat Verbal

Subject Auxiliary Verb Main Verb (verb 3)
+ I had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ We had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ You had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ They had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ He had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ She had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ It had slept before Mr. Iwan came
+ Budi had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
+ Ani and Wati had cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
I had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
We had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
You had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
They had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
He had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
She had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
It had not slept before Mr. Iwan came
Budi had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
Ani and Wati had not cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had I cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had We cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had You cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had They cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had He cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had She cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had It slept before Mr. Iwan came
? had Budi cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came
? had Ani and Wati cleaned The house before Mr. Iwan came

Kata Kerja Khusus dalam Past Perfect Tense

be sebagai full verb

I, We, You, They, He, She, It
+ I had been to Denpasar.
+ We had been to Denpasar.
+ You had been to Denpasar.
+ They had been to Denpasar.
+ He had been to Denpasar.
+ She had been to Denpasar.
+ It had been there for hours.
I had not been to Denpasar.
We had not been to Denpasar.
You had not been to Denpasar.
They had not been to Denpasar.
He had not been to Denpasar.
She had not been to Denpasar.
It had not been there for hours.
? Had I been to Denpasar ?
? Had we been to Denpasar ?
? Had you been to Denpasar ?
? Had they been to Denpasar ?
? Had he been to Denpasar ?
? Had she been to Denpasar ?
? Had it been there for hours ?

do sebagai full verb

I, We, You, They, He, She, It
+ I had done an exercise.
+ We had done an exercise.
+ You had done an exercise.
+ They had done an exercise.
+ He had done an exercise.
+ She had done an exercise.
+ It had done an exercise.
I had not done an exercise.
We had not done an exercise.
You had not done an exercise.
They had not done an exercise.
He had not done an exercise.
She had not done an exercise.
It had not done an exercise.
? Had I done an exercise ?
? Had we done an exercise ?
? Had you done an exercise ?
? Had they done an exercise ?
? Had he done an exercise ?
? Had she done an exercise ?
? Had it done an exercise ?

have sebagai full verb

I, We, You, They, He, She, It
+ I had got a message.
+ We had got a message.
+ You had got a message.
+ They had got a message.
+ He had got a message.
+ She had got a message.
+ It had got a message.
I had not got a message.
We had not got a message.
You had not got a message.
They had not got a message.
He had not got a message.
She had not got a message.
It had not got a message.
? Had I got a message ?
? Had we got a message ?
? Had you got a message ?
? Had they got a message ?
? Had he got a message ?
? Had she got a message ?
? Had it got a message ?

Long Form (bentuk panjang) dan Short Form (bentuk pendek) Past Perfect Tense

POSITIVE
Long Form Short Form
I, You, He, She, It, We, They
I had gone I’d gone
You had gone You’d gone
He had gone He’d gone
She had gone She’d gone
It had gone It’d gone
We had gone We’d gone
They had gone They’d gone

 

NEGATIVE
Long Form Short Form
I, You, He, She, It, We, They
I had not gone I’d not gone/I hadn’t gone
You had not gone You’d not gone/You hadn’t gone
He had not gone He’d not gone/He hadn’t gone
She had not gone She’d not gone/She hadn’t gone
It had not gone It’d not gone/It hadn’t gone
We had not gone We’d not gone/We hadn’t gone
They had not gone They’d not gone/They hadn’t gone

 

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