Penjelasan Present Continuous Tense Lengkap

1. Penggunaan
Present Continuous Tense atau sering juga di sebut Present Progressive Tense, tense ini biasanya hanya menggunakan kata kerja aktif (active verb) jika menggunakan kata kerja statif (stative verb) artinya akan berbeda dan agak janggal.

Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan aktifitas yang terjadi pada saat bicara, penggunaan kata-kata untuk menegaskan kondisi waktu saat ini sering digunakan seperti : now, right now dan at the moment.

Contoh :

We are studying the Present Continuous right now.
Kami sedang mempelajari Present Continuous sekarang.

Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.
Mohon diam. Anak-anak sedang tidur.

Dimas is reading a book now.
Dimas sedang membaca buku sekarang.

They are playing volleyball.
Mereka sedang bermain bola voli.

They are watching TV at the moment.
Mereka sedang menonton TV saat ini.

Present Continuos Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu rencana yang pasti akan dilakukan dalam waktu dekat, pada kondisi ini Present Continuous mempunyai arti akan.

Contoh :

We are going to Kuala Lumpur next week.
Kami akan ke Kuala Lumpur minggu depan.

I am having lunch with Cindy tomorrow.
Saya akan makan siang dengan Cindy besok.

He is going to Semarang on Sunday.
Dia akan ke Semarang pada hari Minggu.

What are you doing next week?
Apa yang kamu lakukan minggu depan?

They are going to the movies on the weekend.
Mereka akan pergi ke bioskop pada akhir pekan.

Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menggambarkan sesuatu yang tumbuh, berubah atau berkembang.

Contoh :

My English is getting better!
Bahasa Inggris saya menjadi semakin baik!

The climate is changing rapidly.
Iklim berubah dengan cepat.

Technology is getting cheaper all the time.
Teknologi menjadi semakin murah setiap saat.

My hair is finally growing out.
Rambut saya akhirnya tumbuh.

The children are growing up quickly.
Anak-anak tumbuh dengan cepat.

Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk membicarakan sesuatu yang dianggap sebagai aktifitas atau peristiwa yang bersifat sementara.

Contoh :

I am staying with a friend this week.
Saya tinggal bersama seorang teman minggu ini.

She is living in Manado for a few months.
Dia tinggal di Manado selama beberapa bulan.

I am working in Medan for the next two weeks.
Saya bekerja di Medan selama dua minggu ke depan.

They are staying with us until they find an apartment.
Mereka tinggal bersama kami sampai mereka menemukan apartemen.

She is working as a cashier until I graduate college.
Dia bekerja sebagai kasir sampai saya lulus kuliah.

Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menggambarkan sesuatu yang terjadi secara terus-menerus.

Contoh :

It is always raining in Bogor.
Cuaca selalu hujan di Bogor.

Budi is great. He is always laughing.
Budi luar biasa. Dia selalu tertawa.

I am always forgetting to bring my lunch.
Saya selalu lupa membawa makan siang.

Present Continuous Tense juga digunakan untuk mengemukakan sesuatu yang kurang menyenangkan dan terjadi secara berulang, untuk memperjelas biasanya menggunakan kata-kata seperti always, constantly, forever ect.

Contoh :

She is constantly complaining about something.
Dia terus mengeluh tentang sesuatu.

Dewi is always coming in late.
Dewi selalu datang terlambat.

I wish you weren’t always criticizing me.
Saya berharap Anda tidak selalu mengkritik saya.

Panjul is always asking stupid questions!
Panjul selalu mengajukan pertanyaan bodoh!

Present Continuous Tense juga digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu kecendrungan dan trend yang terjadi.

Contoh :

It is getting more expensive to go to university.
Sekolah ke universitas akan semakin mahal.

Our country is getting richer.
Negara kita akan semakin kaya.

More and more people are using their computers to listen to music.
Akan semakin banyak orang menggunakan komputernya untuk mendengarkan musik.

2. Kata-kata penanda waktu

Now Sekarang
For now Untuk saat ini
For a little while Untuk sementara
At the moment Sekarang
At this time Pada saat sekarang
Currently Pada saat sekarang
Presently Pada saat sekarang
Today Hari ini
Tonight Malam ini
This morning Pagi ini
This week Minggu ini
This month Bulan ini
This semester Semester ini
This year Tahun ini

3. Struktur Present Continuous Tense

Subject Auxiliary Verb Verb-ing
 

 

 

+

I am going to the post office.
We are playing volleyball.
You are reading a book.
They are listening to the radio.
He is watching the movie.
She is having breakfast.
It is walking.
Budi is working at his office.
Ani and Wati are studying their lesson.
 

 

 

I Am not  going to the post office.
We Are not  playing volleyball.
You Are not  reading a book.
They Are not  listening to the radio.
He Is not  watching the movie.
She Is not  having breakfast.
It Is not  walking.
Budi Is not  working at his office.
Ani and Wati Are not  studying  their lesson.
 

 

 

?

Am I  going to the post office ?
Are We  playing volleyball ?
Are You  reading a book ?
Are They  listening to the radio ?
Is He  watching the movie ?
Is She  having breakfast ?
Is It walking.
Is Budi  working at his office ?
Are Ani and Wati  studying their lesson ?

4. Kata Kerja Khusus pada Present Continuous Tense

Beberapa kata tertentu biasanya tidak digunakan pada present continuous tense seperti : believe, belong, hate, hear, like, dislike, appreciate, notice, observe, agree, fear, love, mean, prefer, remain, realize, see, seem, smell, think, understand, want, wish, know, owe, posses, own, mind.

Tetapi pada kondisi-kondisi tertentu kita bisa menggunakan kata-kata diatas dengan bentuk present continuous tense, kondisi-kondisi tersebut antara lain :

  • Saat sudah terencana dengan pasti. Contoh : She is seeing her mother tomorrow (Dia akan menemui ibunya besok).
  • Have jadi kata kerja yang menggambarkan aktifitas tertentu. Contoh : We are having a great time in Yogyakarta (Kami bersenang-senang di Yogyakarta).
  • Think digunakan saat berada di kondisi yang sedang mengkhawatirkan sesuatu. Contoh : What is the matter with you ? What are you thinking ? (Ada apa dengan mu ? Apa yang kamu pikirkan ?).
  • Digunakan saat ingin menunjukkan emosi atau keadaan perasaan seeorang. Contoh : I am feeling better (Saya merasa lebih baik).

Do sebagai full verb

I
+ I doing an exercise.
I am not doing an exercise.
? Am I doing an exercise ?
We, You, They
+ We are doing an exercise.
You are doing an exercise.
They are doing an exercise.
We are not doing an exercise.
You are not doing an exercise.
They are not doing an exercise.
? Are we doing an exercise ?
Are you doing an exercise ?
Are they doing an exercise ?
He, She
+ He is doing an exercise.
She is doing an exercise.
He is not doing an exercise.
She is not doing an exercise.
? Is he doing an exercise ?
Is she doing an exercise ?

Have sebagai full verb

I
+ I am having a breakfast
I am not having a breakfast
? Am I having a breakfast
We, You, They
+ We are having a breakfast.
You are having a breakfast.
They are having a breakfast.
We are not having a breakfast.
You are not having a breakfast.
They are not having a breakfast.
? Are we having a breakfast ?
Are you having a breakfast ?
Are they having a breakfast ?
He, She
+ He is having a breakfast.
She is having a breakfast.
He is not having a breakfast.
She is not having a breakfast.
? Is he having a breakfast ?
Is she having a breakfast ?

4. Bentuk panjang (long form) dan bentuk pendek (short form) pada present continuos tense

POSITIVE
Long Form Short Form
I
I am studying I’m studying
He, She, It
He is studying He’s studying
She is studying She’s studying
It is sleeping It’s sleeping
We, You, They
We are studying We’re studying
You are studying You’re studying
They are studying They’re studying
NEGATIVE
Long form Short Form
I
I am not studying I’m not studying
He. She, It
He is not studying He’s not studying/He isn’t studying
She is not studying She’s not studying/She isn’t studying
It is not sleeping It’s not sleeping
We, You, They
We are not studying We aren’t studying/We’re not studying
You are not studying You aren’t studying/You’re not studying
They are not studying They aren’t studying/You’re not studying

Demikian penjelasan lengkap Present Continuous Tense, semoga bisa membantu yang ingin mempelajari Bahasa Inggris.

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