Penjelasan Simple Future Tense Lengkap

Penggunaan

Simple Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan aktifitas atau tindakan yang bersifat sukarela, bisa juga digunakan untuk merespon permintaan tolong dari seseorang. Simple future tense juga digunakan untuk jika kita mengharapkan bantuan kepada orang lain untuk melakukan sesuatu. Dalam hal ini membentuk kalimat dengan menggunakan kata will atau will not untuk kalimat negatifnya.

Contoh :

I will send you the information when I get it.
Saya akan mengirimkan Anda informasi ketika saya mendapatkannya.
I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.
Saya akan menerjemahkan emailnya, sehingga Tuan Smith dapat membacanya.
Will you help me move this heavy table?
Maukah Anda membantu saya memindahkan meja yang berat ini?
Will you make dinner?
Apakah Anda akan membuat makan malam?
I will not do your homework for you.
Saya tidak akan melakukan pekerjaan rumah Anda untuk Anda.

Simple Future tense dengan menggunakan kata will juga bisa berfungsi untuk mengungkapkan suatu janji terhadap seseorang.

Contoh :

I will call you when I arrive.
Saya akan menghubungi Anda ketika saya tiba.
If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.
Jika saya terpilih sebagai Presiden Amerika Serikat, saya akan memastikan semua orang memiliki akses ke asuransi kesehatan yang murah.
I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
Aku berjanji tidak akan memberitahunya tentang pesta kejutan itu.
Don’t worry, I’ll be careful.
Jangan khawatir, saya akan berhati-hati.
I won’t tell anyone your secret.
Saya tidak akan memberitahu siapa pun rahasiamu.
I promise I will buy you this toy.
Aku berjanji akan membelikanmu mainan ini.
Swear you will never leave me!
Bersumpah kau tidak akan pernah meninggalkanku!
You have my guarantee I will never do it again.
Anda memiliki jaminan saya, saya tidak akan pernah melakukannya lagi.
I will do my best!
Aku akan melakukan yang terbaik!

Simple future tense bisa digunakan untuk menggambarkan rencana di masa depan dengan menggunakan kata be going to. Kata be going to digunakan dalam simple future tense ketika ada seseorang berinisiatif untuk melakukan aktifitas atau tindakan tertentu di masa depan walaupun rencana tersebut realistis atau tidak.

Contoh :

He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.
Dia akan menghabiskan liburannya di Hawaii.
She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.
Dia tidak akan menghabiskan liburannya di Hawaii.
I’m going to be an actor when I grow up.
Saya akan menjadi aktor ketika saya dewasa.
Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.
Michelle akan memulai sekolah kedokteran tahun depan.
They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.
Mereka akan pergi ke Alaska.

Simple future tense bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan prediksi di masa depan. Dalam membentuk kalimat prediksi ini, penggunaan will atau be going to tidak ditentukan oleh subjeknya. Jadi will dan be going to mempunyai arti yang sama.

Contoh :

The year 2024 will be a very interesting year.
Tahun 2024 akan menjadi tahun yang sangat menarik.
The year 2024 is going to be a very interesting year.
Tahun 2024 akan menjadi tahun yang sangat menarik.
John Smith will be the next President.
John Smith akan menjadi Presiden berikutnya.
John Smith is going to be the next President.
John Smith akan menjadi Presiden berikutnya.

Kata-kata penunjuk waktu

Tonight Malam ini
This afternoon Sore ini
Tomorrow Besok
Next week Minggu depan
Next month Bulan depan
Next year Tahun depan
Soon Segera

Struktur Simple Future Tense

Simple Future dengan will

Kalimat Nominal

  Subject Auxiliary Verb “will” Be (verb 1)  
+ I will   be At home today.
+ We will   be At home today.
+ You will   be At home today.
+ They will   be At home today.
+ He will   be At home today.
+ She will   be At home today.
+ It will   be At home today.
+ Budi will   be At home today.
+ Ani and Wati will   be At home today.
I will not be At home today.
We will not be At home today.
You will not be At home today.
They will not be At home today.
He will not be At home today.
She will not be At home today.
It will not be At home today.
Budi will not be At home today.
Ani and Wati will not be At home today.
? will I   be At home today.
? will We   be At home today.
? will You   be At home today.
? will They   be At home today.
? will He   be At home today.
? will She   be At home today.
? will It   be At home today.
? will Budi   be At home today.
? will Ani and Wati   be At home today.

Kalimat verbal

  Subject Auxliary Verb “will”   Main Verb (verb 1)  
+ I will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ We will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ You will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ They will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ He will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ She will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ It will   go To the gym tomorrow.
+ Budi will   go To the gym tomorrow.
Ani and Wati will   go To the gym tomorrow.
I will not go To the gym tomorrow.
We will not go To the gym tomorrow.
You will not go To the gym tomorrow.
They will not go To the gym tomorrow.
He will not go To the gym tomorrow.
She will not go To the gym tomorrow.
It will not go To the gym tomorrow.
Budi will not go To the gym tomorrow.
Ani and Wati will not go To the gym tomorrow.
? will I   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will We   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will You   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will They   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will He   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will She   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will It   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will Budi   go To the gym tomorrow ?
? will Ani and Wati   go To the gym tomorrow ?
  • Auxiliary verb “will” selalu digunakan dalam simple future tense.
  • Untuk kalimat nominal, “be” digunakan setelah auxiliary verb “will”.
  • Untuk kalimat verbal, kata kerjanya selalu dalam bentuk dasar.
  • Untuk kalimat negatif, “not” ditambahkan di antara auxiliary verb “will” dan kata kerja utama.
  • Untuk kalimat pertanyaan, auxiliary verb “will” diletakkan sebelum subjek.

Simple future dengan “be going to”

Kalimat Nominal

  Subject Be Going to Be (Verb 1)  
+ I am   going to be at school today.
+ We are   going to be at school today.
+ You are   going to be at school today.
+ They are   going to be at school today.
+ He is   going to be at school today.
+ She is   going to be at school today.
+ It is   going to be at your house today.
+ Budi is   going to be at school today.
+ Ani and Wati are   going to be at school today.
I am not going to be at school today.
We are not going to be at school today.
You are not going to be at school today.
They are not going to be at school today.
He is not going to be at school today.
She is not going to be at school today.
It is not going to be at your house today.
Budi is not going to be at school today.
Ani and Wati are not going to be at school today.
? Am I   going to be at school today.
? Are We   going to be at school today.
? Are You   going to be at school today.
? Are They   going to be at school today.
? Is He   going to be at school today.
? Is She   going to be at school today.
? Is It   going to be at your house today.
? Is Budi   going to be at school today.
? Are Ani and Wati   going to be at school today.

Kalimat Verbal

  Subject Be Going to Be (Verb 1)  
+ I am   going to be at school today.
+ We are   going to be at school today.
+ You are   going to be at school today.
+ They are   going to be at school today.
+ He is   going to be at school today.
+ She is   going to be at school today.
+ It is   going to be at your house today.
+ Budi is   going to be at school today.
+ Ani and Wati are   going to be at school today.
I am not going to be at school today.
We are not going to be at school today.
You are not going to be at school today.
They are not going to be at school today.
He is not going to be at school today.
She is not going to be at school today.
It is not going to be at your house today.
Budi is not going to be at school today.
Ani and Wati are not going to be at school today.
? Am I   going to be at school today.
? Are We   going to be at school today.
? Are You   going to be at school today.
? Are They   going to be at school today.
? Is He   going to be at school today.
? Is She   going to be at school today.
? Is It   going to be at your house today.
? Is Budi   going to be at school today.
? Are Ani and Wati   going to be at school today.
  • “be going to” digunakan dalam simple future tense untuk menyatakan rencana di masa datang.
  • Bentuk “be” dalam “be going to” berubah sesuai dengan subjeknya (am, is, are).
  • Untuk kalimat nominal, bentuk dasar “be” diletakkan setelah “be going to”. Untuk kalimat verbal, kata kerja utama dalam bentuk dasar (verb 1) diletakkan setelah “be going to”.
  • Untuk kalimat negatif, “not” ditambahkan diantara “am/is/are” dan “going to”.
  • Untuk kalimat pertanyaan, “to be” (am/is/are) diletakkan sebelum subjek.

Long form (bentuk panjang) dan Short form dalam Simple Future Tense

 

POSITIF

Long Form

Short Form

I, You, She, He, It, We, They

I will go

I’ll go

NEGATIF

I, You, She, He, It, We, They

I will not go

I won’t go atau I’ll not go

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